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在巴黎走路   [精华]
LOMO


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2004-02-09 22:26 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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dqu wrote:
那就太遗憾了。主要原因是它们都在乡下。这背后的社会历史可有意思呢。

哦,有空说来听听~吐舌头


avon


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2004-02-10 00:49 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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dqu wrote:
你的意思是说Rafael Gustavino的这种结合才叫Catalan Vault,否则他用的形式上的原形、那个传统的加泰罗尼亚砖拱不叫Catalan Vault,对吗?
够绕的,加泰罗尼亚砖拱不是加泰罗尼亚拱---记住了。

At the most, Rafael Gustavino's Catalan Vault could be called as Modern Catalan Vault. Catalan vault is a vault techonology introduced (to US) from Catalan.

Take the material of cement as an example, although Egyptians used lime and gypsum mortar as a binding agent for building the Pyramids as early as 3000BC and Vitruvius reported a 2 parts pozzolana (volcanic ash found near Naples) to 1 part lime in construction in 300 BC, the modern cement does not exist until 1756. John Smeaton, a British Engineer, who rediscovered the hydraulic cement through repeated testing of mortar in both fresh and salt water ( patented by Bry Higgins as hydraulic cement "stucco" in 1779) .
Portland Cement was patented in 1824 by Joseph Aspdin, a Leeds bricklayer and mason, since it resembled the stone quarried on the Isle of Portland off the British coast.


avon edited on 2004-02-10 04:48

dqu


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2004-02-10 02:14 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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LOMO wrote:
说实话老贝这个还真不赖,虽然坏事儿他也没少干,该咋地是咋地~邪恶

你提他,我禁不住又叹口气。他似乎对西方比对中国的传统更喑熟也回应得更自如。你看他能吸取西方那么多传统的空间形式,而到了中国就不知所措,最多加几个浅显的符号。只有一点---他的建筑中他的个人性不是那么剑拔弩张的---在卢浮这个纵穿历史的改造工程中尤为内敛,不知是不是他人生头十五年奠的根基。



avon


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2004-02-10 03:58 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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dqu wrote:他的建筑中他的个人性不是那么剑拔弩张的---在卢浮这个纵穿历史的改造工程中尤为内敛,不知是不是他人生头十五年奠的根基。

Pei left China for higher education in US at the age of 17( according to his official biography). No matter when, culture (or to be more precise处世为人) is sth that children normally learn from their parents (in Pei's case, who were unmiskenly Chinese).


avon


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2004-02-10 04:31 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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LOMO wrote:avon这里的意思是说钢筋混凝土,reinforced concrete~微笑

yes, exactly. thanx.

Reinforced concrete (or ferroconcrete) was invented by Joseph Monier, a Parisian gardener who made garden pots and tubs of concrete reinforced with an iron mesh in 1849 (patented by him in 1867).

RC was first ever used in building by William B. Wilkinson, who erected a reinforced concrete servants cottage in 1854.
1871-1875 William E. Ward built the first landmark building in reinforced concrete in Port Chester, NY. Designed by Architect Robert Mook.
Using the Ransome system, Ingalls bldg(1904) became the first concrete
skyscraper .

In 1919 Meis van der Rohe proposed concrete high-rises, long before Le Corbusier built Villa Savoye and Frank Lloyd Wright built Fallingwater (1936).

Leipzig Market in Germany, constructed in RC(span 76m), was completed in 1928.

Photograph:Kawaguchi Mamoru


avon edited on 2004-02-10 04:43
LOMO


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2004-02-10 14:46 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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dqu wrote:
你提他,我禁不住又叹口气。他似乎对西方比对中国的传统更喑熟也回应得更自如。你看他能吸取西方那么多传统的空间形式,而到了中国就不知所措,最多加几个浅显的符号。只有一点---他的建筑中他的个人性不是那么剑拔弩张的---在卢浮这个纵穿历史的改造工程中尤为内敛,不知是不是他人生头十五年奠的根基。

要说做人的一面,老Pei身上的确是中国成分多,通融圆滑,老于世故;
至于他做的建筑,那是典型的老外,整个儿就一“黄皮儿香蕉”,大笑


LOMO


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2004-02-10 14:53 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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avon wrote:
In 1919 Meis van der Rohe proposed concrete high-rises, long before Le Corbusier built Villa Savoye and Frank Lloyd Wright built Fallingwater (1936).

1919?
Friedrichstrasse Office Building Project, 1921


Concrete Office Building, 1923

Concrete Country House, 1923


这个乡村混凝土住宅方案不如后一年的砖住宅有名,对钢筋混凝土这种新材料的造型还处于摸索阶段,不过巨大的悬臂、角窗、水平长窗诸如此类的已经粉墨登场了~酷啊


LOMO edited on 2004-02-10 15:10
dqu


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2004-02-10 19:04 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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Post is deleted

dqu edited on 2004-02-10 20:50
FEISHEN


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2004-02-10 19:44 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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啦 啦 啦 啦 !怎么找翻天也找不到外建史啊!NND !我想了解一下那些什么风格的东东看看!唉,太失望了。现在的网站都是些垃圾。哇~~~~~

avon


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2004-02-11 03:08 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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FEISHEN wrote:
啦 啦 啦 啦 !怎么找翻天也找不到外建史啊!NND !我想了解一下那些什么风格的东东看看!唉,太失望了。现在的网站都是些垃圾。哇~~~~~

真对不住让孩子们失望了,有这时间还不如去找本<外建史图说>看看。


eon


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2004-02-15 20:28 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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旅行,造就了人。我仍舊探訪著世界上的城市,穿梭漫遊在大大小小的通路與街道,一再地行走、逗留在綿延不絕的巷弄裡而留下我的足跡。緊張與不安當中一個人迷失在不知名的地方,因著孤獨而感到嚴苛、迷惘,甚至不知所措。但總是能在那當中找出一條活路,順利地全身而退,並繼續邁向下一個旅程。......我的人生也可算是一段旅程吧。在沒有接受專門教育的狀況下而志向建築這件事情,就如同獨自在緊張與不安下迷失在一個陌生地方一樣。......然而像現在這樣回過頭來看,我寧可將那視為是因著在那苦難當中以所得的體驗作為食糧,自己才得以一直生存到現在。......旅行,也造就了建築家。-安藤忠雄

c31cn


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2004-03-14 11:11 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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avon wrote:
续篇放个广告先
(一)在巴黎走路——巴黎篇
(二)住在马赛公寓——马赛篇
(三)在巴塞罗那迷路——巴塞罗那篇

该上“马赛篇”了吧。


windward


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2004-03-17 12:28 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 发送email给 windward 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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Bonjour Avon, photos merveilleuses de Louvre. Avez-vous des images de son fossé médiéval qui est dans le sous-sol maintenant?

板凳3


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2004-03-24 19:00 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 发送email给 板凳3 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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LOMO wrote:
avon能否和俺说说柯布和这位 Pierre Jeanneret 到底是哪门子亲戚?姑表?姨表?还是堂兄弟?
是柯布的侄儿.一将功成万骨枯.
Pierre Jeanneret


Architect and furniture designer Pierre Jeanneret was born in Switzerland in 1896. For most of his life he worked alongside of, and often in the shadow of, his cousin Le Corbusier. In 1926 they published their manifesto "Five Points Towards a New Architecture" which served as the backbone of their architectural aesthetic. The five points describe a building structure that includes a free plan without internal walls, a roof terrace, an expanse of continuous windows, columns to support the house and a simple façade. Their follow-up building, the Villa Savoye (1928-31), was a representation of their outlined ideology. Practically an entire glass building with an almost undivided interior, the elegance was established by the columns, which made it look as though it was floating above the ground.

In 1929 at the Paris Salon d'Automne he unveiled a set of modern furniture-- including tubular steel chairs, stools and a set of modular steel storage units-- designed in collaboration with Le Corbusier and Charlotte Perriand. The storage units lent themselves to the creation of an interior space unbroken by walls as they doubled in a standing form as open room dividers. The pieces from this show have since become icons of classical modern design. In the sixties the Italian company Cassina reproduced the chaise longue and the plusher Fauteuil Grand Confort armchair from the show as part of their 'Masters' series.

In the early fifties Le Corbusier and Jeanneret started a project in Chandigarh, India designing and producing low cost buildings for the community. Le Corbusier left the project in the middle and Jeanneret became the Chief Architect and Urban Planning Designer. He stayed in Chandigarh for fifteen years and the city evolved into a landmark of modern architecture. His works there included the Punjab University Campus, several schools, houses and hostels.

During his time in India Jeanneret expanded his architectural aesthetic of finely cut machine edges and chrome steel lines, to include the symbols and structures of Eastern philosophy. At the Punjab University, the library he designed, Gandhi Bhawan, is a tri-partite structure with three pinnacles symbolizing the ascension into the three worlds of Indian philosophy. Jeanneret became a beloved member of the community and in early 1999 there was an extensive photography exhibit of the work he and Le Corbusier did at Chandigarh. This is probably the only project in which he is lauded as the primary architect over Le Corbusier. When he left in 1965 he told the people, "I am leaving my home and going to a foreign country." When he died in 1967 his ashes were scattered on Sukhna Lake in Chandigarh at his request.


LOMO


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2004-03-24 20:25 查看他的注册信息   查看他的Blog 给他发送悄悄话 引用并回帖 搜索他发表的帖子 复制到剪贴板. 
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看来是堂弟,而且比柯布小9岁~眨眼睛

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